Volume 51/Number 2/Abstract 5
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Acta Parasitologica, Vol. 51, No. 2, 2006, 107-110
Katarina Reiterova(1)*, Ewa Dziemian(2), Martina Miterpakova(1), Daniela Antolova(1), Marta Kolodziej-Sobocinska(2), Barbara Machnicka(2) and Pavol Dubinsky(1) - Occurrence of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes from the Carpathian regions of Slovakia and Poland

(1)Parasitological Institute, SAS, 3 Hlinkova Str., 040 01 Kosice, Slovak Republic; (2)W. Stefanski Institute of Parasitology, PAS, 51/55 Twarda Str., 00-818 Warsaw, Poland
*Corresponding author: reiter@saske.sk
The extensive distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis cestode from endemic alpine areas to the parts of Central Europe has been recorded in recent years. The first confirmed finding of E. multilocularis in Slovakia was recorded in 1999 in the area adjacent to the Polish border. At present, this serious zoonosis occurs almost across the whole territory of Slovakia. The occurrence of these tapeworms in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) at the border regions of Slovakia and Poland has been monitored. In these districts, out of 152 faecal samples examined, 36.2% were positive for the coproantigen-ELISA. With the sedimentation and counting technique the prevalence of E. multilocularis in red foxes was up to 38.8%. The examination of foxes from neighbouring districts revealed worm burden ranging from 1-15,000 specimens, but the majority of animals harboured medium number of tapeworms. In the Small Carpathian and Sub-Carpathian regions of Poland, out of 65 samples examined, 13.8% were coproantigen positive. Using the small intestine scraping method only 6.1% prevalence of E. multilocularis in red foxes was determined, mostly with a high worm burdens over 1,000 specimens. The results suggest possible transborder transmission of E. multilocularis, the causative agent of serious alveolar echinococcosis.
KEY WORDS: Echinococcus multilocularis, red foxes, zoonosis, coproantigen-ELISA

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